用Python批量移动文件

我是用来移动图片的,其他格式的文档也是可以的,改下后缀列表就可以了

import os,shutil
import datetime
 
#将文件夹里的图片全部移动到新文件夹中
#revised by Stephen Shen 2020-3-10 09:28:50
 
def renameFile(dstpath):
    fdirname,fbasename=os.path.split(dstpath)
    #文件名相同但大小不同
    fname,fext=os.path.splitext(fbasename)
    nowtime=datetime.datetime.now()               
    strtime=str(nowtime.year)+str(nowtime.month)+str(nowtime.day)+str(nowtime.hour)+str(nowtime.minute)
    newfbasename=fname+'-'+strtime+fext
    dstpath=os.path.join(fdirname,newfbasename)
    return dstpath
 
def moveFile(oldpath,newpath):
    if os.path.exists(newpath):
        newpath=renameFile(newpath)
    try:
        shutil.move(oldpath,newpath)
        print(oldpath+' is moved')
    except:
        print(oldpath+' is skipped')
 
inpath=r'K:\fileExtracted\imagesFromDocs'
 
outpath=r'K:\filesExtracted'
image_ext=['.JPG','.jpg','.png','.PNG','.jpeg','.wdp']
image_outpath=os.path.join(outpath,'image')
doc_ext=['.doc','.docx']
doc_outpath=os.path.join(outpath,'doc')
 
emf_ext=['.emf']
emf_outpath=os.path.join(image_outpath,'emf')
wmf_ext=['.wmf']
wmf_outpath=os.path.join(image_outpath,'wmf')
 
if not os.path.exists(outpath):
    os.makedirs(outpath)
if not os.path.exists(image_outpath):
    os.makedirs(image_outpath)
if not os.path.exists(doc_outpath):
    os.makedirs(doc_outpath)
if not os.path.exists(emf_outpath):
    os.makedirs(emf_outpath)
if not os.path.exists(wmf_outpath):
    os.makedirs(wmf_outpath)
 
 
 
for folder,subfolders,files in os.walk(inpath):
    for file in files:
        oldpath=os.path.join(folder,file)
 
        if os.path.splitext(file)[-1] in image_ext:
            newpath=os.path.join(image_outpath,file)
            moveFile(oldpath,newpath)
        elif os.path.splitext(file)[-1] in doc_ext:
            newpath=os.path.join(doc_outpath,file)
            moveFile(oldpath,newpath)
        elif os.path.splitext(file)[-1] in emf_ext:
            newpath=os.path.join(emf_outpath,file)
            moveFile(oldpath,newpath)
        elif os.path.splitext(file)[-1] in wmf_ext:
            newpath=os.path.join(wmf_outpath,file)
            moveFile(oldpath,newpath)
        else:
            continue       
 
print('done')

然后再删除空文件夹

import os,shutil
 
#将文件夹里的空文件夹删除
#revised by Stephen Shen 2020-3-8 17:50:24
 
inpath=r'E:\pics-moving\待分类照片'
 
for folder,subfolders,files in os.walk(inpath):
    if not os.listdir(folder):
        shutil.rmtree(folder)
        # print(folder+' is empyt')
        print(folder+' is deleted')
 
print('done')
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我是有底线的